Chart of Mars
Mercator Projection in true color
1877 N.E. Green
in: Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society v. 44. p. 138, 1879.
The colors are more subtle in this reproduction (source)
Source Ledger, E. 1882; The sun, its planets and their satellites; London
Image courtesy Ton Lindemann.
The original drawings of N. Green (from William Sheehan: Mars: The history of
a master illusionist. The Antiquarian Astronomer Issue 9, August 2015). Compare these drawings to HST images.