Map of Mars showing channels and possible paleolake basins (1995)

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(Detail)

D.H. Scott, J.M. Dohm, and J. W. Rice Jr. 1995  Map of Mars showing channels and possible paleolake basins. IMAP 2461. USGS.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i2461

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Flammarion and Antoniadi’s Map of Mars (1900-1910)

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1900. Courtesy of Ton Lindemann. This map is largely based on the British Astronomical Association map 1896 but includes more polar latitudes.

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Same map as above from a Russian encyclopedia. Новый энциклопедический словарь.  Брокгауза и Ефрона / [под общ. ред. К. К. Арсеньева]. Petrograd. n.d. СПб, 191(?). (c. 1915) 

 

 

antoniadi_1900_c
Antoniadi’s map 1900  reprojected onto the shaded relief map of Mars. Courtesy of Ton Lindemann.

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Antoniadi & Flammarion, C: Nouvelles Observations de Mars Faites a l’Observatoire de Juvisy. Bulletin de la Societe Astronomique de France et Revue Mensuelle d’Astronomie, de Meteorologie et de Physique du Globe, vol. 15, pp.345-355  1901

One of the first polar views of Mars.

 

“Face of Mars” map (1943)

Interpretive map of Mars showing canals and albedo markings.

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Source: McLoughlin E.V., Thompson H. 1943. The Book of Knowledge: The Children’s Encyclopedia. Volume 9. p. 3291-2

Note: This series was published from the 1910s to the 1964 in the USA. This page is from the 1943 edition.  This map appeared in several editions. Based on maps of P. Lowell.

“It is suggested that these waterways convey water from the great black patches, which may be huge shallow oceans or lakes, across the sandy red deserts of Mars; or that they bring down water when the sun’s heat in summer dissolves the snow”

 

(c) 1943 figures and text: The Grolier Society, New York.

 

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In later editions more details were added. (via Pinterest)