Mottoni’s albedo synthesis maps of Mars

PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1

De Mottoni Y Palacios, G. (1975). The appearance of Mars from 1907 to 1971: Graphic synthesis of photographs from the I.A.U. center at Meudon. Icarus, 25(2), 296–332

 

Note: we display these maps north-up.

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Maunder’s test map of Mars (1903)

Drawn by: Edward Walter Maunder

Evans, J. E. & Maunder, E. W.: Experiments as to the actuality of the “Canals” observed on Mars. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 63, p.488-499. June 1903

This experiment was to test the real existence of canals on Mars.

“Drawing 6*25 inches based upon one by Professor Schiaparelli made 1890 May 16 {La Planète Meurs, p. 474). In this experiment none of the canals shown by Professor Schiaparelli were inserted, but a number of small irregular markings were inserted at haphazard.”

testmap1903testmap1903-b

 

maunder-mars-maps

Source: Zerinváry Szilárd: A Naprendszer élete. Művelt Nép Könyvkiadó, 1953, Budapest, p 186. Caption: “Maunder’s experiment. Students copied the drawing above from a distance and drew the maps below”

 

Lukács’s Copy of Lowell’s Map of the Polar cap of Mars (1904)

A Mars és a Föld összehasonlító topográfiája. Comparative topography of Mars and Earth. Lukács Károly 1904. Manuscript. Pencil and ink

A copy of another map, with signature “R de M” (?)

Lukács Károly: A sarki hósüvegek változásai a Marson és a Földön. Földrajzi Közlemények 1904. február, 11. füzet. 41-72

lukacs-polar

 

Original: Map of the South Pole of Mars, Showing the Polar Cap and its Changes, 1894. In:  MARS by Percival Lowell, 1895.

p2

 

Lukács’ map of Mars (1904)

A Mars és a Föld összehasonlító topográfiája (Comparative topography of Mars and Earth, in Hungarian).

Drawn by: Lukács Károly 1904

Pencil and black ink.

Ca. 20×25 cm

Unpubl. manuscript.
Based on Flammarion and Antoniadi’s map but with somewhat more details and few more names.

References
Lukács Károly: A sarki hósüvegek változásai a Marson és a Földön. Földrajzi Közlemények 1904. február, 11. füzet. 41-72

(Charles Lukacs and Flammarion) Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France 1901 (1904?)

lukacs-karolylukacs-detail1detail2

Flammarion and Antoniadi’s Map of Mars (1900-1910)

antoniadi_1900
1900. Courtesy of Ton Lindemann. This map is largely based on the British Astronomical Association map 1896 but includes more polar latitudes.

Martian_Channels_by_Flamarion&Antoniadi

Same map as above from a Russian encyclopedia. Новый энциклопедический словарь.  Брокгауза и Ефрона / [под общ. ред. К. К. Арсеньева]. Petrograd. n.d. СПб, 191(?). (c. 1915) 

 

 

antoniadi_1900_c
Antoniadi’s map 1900  reprojected onto the shaded relief map of Mars. Courtesy of Ton Lindemann.

flam_ant1901flam-ant-1901b

Antoniadi & Flammarion, C: Nouvelles Observations de Mars Faites a l’Observatoire de Juvisy. Bulletin de la Societe Astronomique de France et Revue Mensuelle d’Astronomie, de Meteorologie et de Physique du Globe, vol. 15, pp.345-355  1901

One of the first polar views of Mars.