Mottoni’s albedo synthesis maps of Mars

PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1PII: 0019-1035(75)90025-1

De Mottoni Y Palacios, G. (1975). The appearance of Mars from 1907 to 1971: Graphic synthesis of photographs from the I.A.U. center at Meudon. Icarus, 25(2), 296–332

 

Note: we display these maps north-up.

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Kulin’s Map of the Moon

 

Nomenclature: latin

kulin moon

In: Kulin György: A távcső világa. Királyi Magyar Természettudományi Társulat (Budapest), 1941

Supplement to the 1941 edition. Not included in later editions.

Title: Map of the Moon, “after Braun” (?)

With index of names.

IMG_8781

Kulin-Zerinváry, A távcső világa, 1958 edition. Without index.

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Notes on the possibility on life on the Moon, page opposite to the map.

Pic du Midi drawings and map of Mercury

Upper row: 1942, Lyot – 25 drawings, 36 inch refractor, 300-500x magnification.

Lower row: 1950, A Dollfus, 60-inch refractor, 750-900x magnification

picdumidi-mercury2picdumidi-mercury

Lyot and Camichel, 1942:  Map from 12 composites. 23 markings were measured.

Source: A. Dollfus: Visual and photographic studies off planets at the Pic du Midi. In: Planets and Satellites, GP Kuiper and B Middlehurst, eds. Chicago Univ Press 543-571.

 

 

“Face of Mars” map (1943)

Interpretive map of Mars showing canals and albedo markings.

faceofmars2.jpg

faceofmars3.jpg

Source: McLoughlin E.V., Thompson H. 1943. The Book of Knowledge: The Children’s Encyclopedia. Volume 9. p. 3291-2

Note: This series was published from the 1910s to the 1964 in the USA. This page is from the 1943 edition.  This map appeared in several editions. Based on maps of P. Lowell.

“It is suggested that these waterways convey water from the great black patches, which may be huge shallow oceans or lakes, across the sandy red deserts of Mars; or that they bring down water when the sun’s heat in summer dissolves the snow”

 

(c) 1943 figures and text: The Grolier Society, New York.

 

faceonmars

In later editions more details were added. (via Pinterest)

 

 

Wilkins’ maps of the Moon

wilkins.jpg

Photo: LPOD Sep15 2008.

Cartographer: H Percy Wilkins, “the last traditional selenographer”

Editions: Early edition with hand lettering, later editions with sans serif and grid.

South-up orientation. Orthographic projection.

60 inch map: 1924

200 inch map: 1930

300 inch map of the Moon First edition, 1946.  Third edition, 1951, revisions in 1952, 1954.

25 map sheets, Scale 21.6 miles per inch.

Compiled from personal observations starting in 1909.

1938-505

200-inch edition

wilkings_big_merged_moon_map

300-inch edition including polar and far side views. This image is compiled by H. Hargitai from the Strolling Astronomer publication (100 inch reduction).

wilkins200

A single sheet from the 200-inch edition.

 

CMHASDWilkins&TheMoonMap.jpg

The 300-inch edition with north-up orientation. Neil Armstrong and Dr H P Wilkins  at the Royal Geographical Society, London. (source)

wilkins100.jpg

Reduced edition 1952 (?) (Source)

 

 

Lyot’s Maps of the Galilean Satellites and Titan (1941/61)

Albedo maps of the Galilean satellites.

Lyot examined these satellites with the 38 cm refractor in 1941, later with the 60-cm telescope. Markings confirmed by Camichel and Gentili.

Source: A. Dollfus: Visual and photographic studies off planets at the Pic du Midi. In: Planets and Satellites, GP Kuiper and B Middlehurst, eds. Chicago Univ Press 543-571. 1961

Copy: Hunt, G. and P. Moore, 1981; Jupiter; London.

callisto_1961_dollfus
Callisto

europa_1961_dollfus
Europa

ganymedes_1961_dollfus
Ganymedes

io_1961_dollfus
Io

Courtesy of  Ton Lindemann

 

dollfus-galilean

Titan

titandollfus

Titan was observed by Lyot, Dollfus, Camichel, Bruch.

Source: A. Dollfus: Visual and photographic studies off planets at the Pic du Midi. In: Planets and Satellites, GP Kuiper and B Middlehurst, eds. Chicago Univ Press 543-571. 1961