Barabashev’s drawing of Mars

barabasev

Reproduced in Kulin-Zerinváry: A távcső világa. Budapest, 1958.

Courtesy of I. Almar

 

” In the 1920-1926 yrs. with the help of a 270-millimeter reflector NP Barabashov conducted a large number of visual observations of Mars in different spectral ranges, the result of which was the compilation of a map of the planet’s surface.” (Wikipedia, Russian version)

 

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Pic du Midi drawings and map of Mercury

Upper row: 1942, Lyot – 25 drawings, 36 inch refractor, 300-500x magnification.

Lower row: 1950, A Dollfus, 60-inch refractor, 750-900x magnification

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Lyot and Camichel, 1942:  Map from 12 composites. 23 markings were measured.

Source: A. Dollfus: Visual and photographic studies off planets at the Pic du Midi. In: Planets and Satellites, GP Kuiper and B Middlehurst, eds. Chicago Univ Press 543-571.

 

 

Wilkins’ maps of the Moon

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Photo: LPOD Sep15 2008.

Cartographer: H Percy Wilkins, “the last traditional selenographer”

Editions: Early edition with hand lettering, later editions with sans serif and grid.

South-up orientation. Orthographic projection.

60 inch map: 1924

200 inch map: 1930

300 inch map of the Moon First edition, 1946.  Third edition, 1951, revisions in 1952, 1954.

25 map sheets, Scale 21.6 miles per inch.

Compiled from personal observations starting in 1909.

1938-505

200-inch edition

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300-inch edition including polar and far side views. This image is compiled by H. Hargitai from the Strolling Astronomer publication (100 inch reduction).

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A single sheet from the 200-inch edition.

 

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The 300-inch edition with north-up orientation. Neil Armstrong and Dr H P Wilkins  at the Royal Geographical Society, London. (source)

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Reduced edition 1952 (?) (Source)

 

 

Mottoni’s IAU Map of Mars (1941-52)

Coordinate system created using Juventae Fons observations for determinig rotation and 260 control points by Camichel.  40 was used in this map.

This map was made by Dr. de Mottoni (Giardini Glauco de Mottoni y Palacios), and presented at the 1958 Moscow IAU meeting. It represents the avegare positions of surface markings observed 1941-52.

Source: A. Dollfus: Visual and photographic studies off planets at the Pic du Midi. In: Planets and Satellites, GP Kuiper and B Middlehurst, eds. Chicago Univ Press 543-571.

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Two of the original drawings, using control points

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Measurements made at Pic du Midi 1941-54 by H. Camichel. Of 260 control points, 38 were used in the map.

The map was produced from six “planisphere” maps by G. de Mottoni with the help of Pic du Midi photographs taken during 1941, 43, 46, 48, 50, 52 oppositions, respectively.

+60- -60 latitudes in Mercator, following Schiaparelly,  and polar azimuthal equidistant projection.

Source: Transactions of the International Astronomical Union, Moscow, August 12-20, 1958: Cambridge University Press, v. 10, pl. 1, p. 262.