Karte des Mondes

In: Karl Wilhelm Valentiner, 1881, Astronomische Bilder, Leipzig

Author unknown.



Kulin’s Map of the Moon


Nomenclature: latin

kulin moon

In: Kulin György: A távcső világa. Királyi Magyar Természettudományi Társulat (Budapest), 1941

Supplement to the 1941 edition. Not included in later editions.

Title: Map of the Moon, “after Braun” (?)

With index of names.


Kulin-Zerinváry, A távcső világa, 1958 edition. Without index.


Notes on the possibility on life on the Moon, page opposite to the map.

Lukács’ Copy of Lowell’s Map of the Polar cap of Mars (1904)

A Mars és a Föld összehasonlító topográfiája. Comparative topography of Mars and Earth. Lukács Károly 1904. Manuscript. Pencil and ink

A copy of another map, with signature “R de M” (?)

Lukács Károly: A sarki hósüvegek változásai a Marson és a Földön. Földrajzi Közlemények 1904. február, 11. füzet. 41-72



Original: Map of the South Pole of Mars, Showing the Polar Cap and its Changes, 1894. In:  MARS by Percival Lowell, 1895.



Lukács’ map of Mars (1904)

A Mars és a Föld összehasonlító topográfiája (Comparative topography of Mars and Earth, in Hungarian).

Drawn by: Lukács Károly 1904

Pencil and black ink.

Ca. 20×25 cm

Unpubl. manuscript.
Based on Flammarion and Antoniadi’s map but with somewhat more details and few more names.

Lukács Károly: A sarki hósüvegek változásai a Marson és a Földön. Földrajzi Közlemények 1904. február, 11. füzet. 41-72

(Charles Lukacs and Flammarion) Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France 1901 (1904?)


2017 in Review 1: New Planetary Web Mapping Servers

2017 brought a boom in planetary online WMS services. We show you which new service can do what. 


The new Google map

Google worked closely with NASA the next corner in Silicon Valley to prepare the highest, 5m/px resolution global photomosaic of Mars in 2012 that even researchers used for browsing Mars, only available through Google Earth, but not in the web-based map. This year Google added a wealth of new layers, although nothing is published about the image sources or cartographic control. Perhaps at LPSC2018. The service “as is” but still provides the fastest planetary image browsing opportunity for the armchair scientist. Maps include clickable nomenclature. The uniqueness of Google maps is that they are original photomosaics you can’t find elsewhere.

Some of the additions include

  • a beautiful high resolution multiscale color map of Mercury, which shows albedo at low resolution and low-sun relief view when you zoom in, both MESSENGER data
  • a global radar view of Venus at full Magellan resolution
  • a so-so albedo view of the Moon
  • Mars is now a not very seamless but quite high resolution HRSC color mosaic with some gaps
  • Ceres is added but not Vesta
  • Color and multiscale mosaic for Ganymede and Callisto
  • Titan is a nicely rendered seamless infrared+radar view at high resolution
  • Pluto and Charon is also the highest resolution global mosaic in color
  • And mosaics for other outer solar system satellites



ESRI’s Solar System Atlas

The company behind ArcGIS, the most commonly used mapping software in planetary cartography, has published its online atlas from the layers also available for direct import into an ArcGIS project. Unlike for Google, credit is given for all image sources, but in this case mosaicking was not done by ESRI, but all maps were taken from USGS/NASA. This service is basically a tile service to quickly display existing data, including geologic maps.




Planetary Surface Portal / PSUP

This is a service from French university observatories (Paris Sud and Lyon), who made their OMEGA data available through this service. OMEGA (Observatoire pour la Mineralogie, l’Eau, les Glaces et l’Activit) is a hyperspectral imaging spectrometer developed in France, originally for a failed Russian mission, onboard the European Mars Express spacecraft.  Mineralogial and albedo data can be viewed, and downloaded from the WMS along with some feature database layers.



Planetary Cesium Viewer

The Cesium technology based viewer from the Paris Sud University in France shows global mosaics for basically all major moons and planets in the Solar System, including the gas giants.  The maps can be viewed as globes or 2D flat maps. The code is open, and available on Github.



Open Planetary Map Mars Basemap v0.1

The Open Planetary project aims to develop a vector based Mars map that users can modify and personalize. This is a community-based project where planetary scientists can share their cartographic ideas. The map using CARTO Builder and there are detailed instructions on how you can build your own map within this system. This is the first attempt to create a vector-based Mars basemap, which would bring fresh air into a raster-filled planetary mapping universe.



Moon Trek

The official NASA outreach/research map combo for the Moon, an online platform  for both enthusiasts and researchers. Numerous datasets, mapping and analysis tools are offered. Developed at NASA Ames and JPL in California.



And we did not list those WMS services that started before 2017…


Which one is your favorite? Vote for the best new planetary WMS in 2017:





Controlled Color Mosaic Mars series (DRL)

Scale: 1:700k

Date: 2016

MC-11E quadrangle.

This mapping effort supports ExoMars landing site selection

Microsoft Word - 304_Schulz_go - Kopie.docx

Source: Katja Schulz: Topographische Karten der Mars-Region MC-11-E ‒ erstellt auf Basis eines HRSC-Orthofotomosaiks der Mission Mars Express, AGIT – Journal für Angewandte Geoinformatik, 3-2017. Image: HRSC (ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO)