Map of Mars showing channels and possible paleolake basins (1995)

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(Detail)

D.H. Scott, J.M. Dohm, and J. W. Rice Jr. 1995  Map of Mars showing channels and possible paleolake basins. IMAP 2461. USGS.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i2461

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Flammarion and Antoniadi’s Map of Mars (1900-1910)

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1900. Courtesy of Ton Lindemann. This map is largely based on the British Astronomical Association map 1896 but includes more polar latitudes.

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Same map as above from a Russian encyclopedia. Новый энциклопедический словарь.  Брокгауза и Ефрона / [под общ. ред. К. К. Арсеньева]. Petrograd. n.d. СПб, 191(?). (c. 1915) 

 

 

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Antoniadi’s map 1900  reprojected onto the shaded relief map of Mars. Courtesy of Ton Lindemann.

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Antoniadi & Flammarion, C: Nouvelles Observations de Mars Faites a l’Observatoire de Juvisy. Bulletin de la Societe Astronomique de France et Revue Mensuelle d’Astronomie, de Meteorologie et de Physique du Globe, vol. 15, pp.345-355  1901

One of the first polar views of Mars.

 

“Face of Mars” map (1943)

Interpretive map of Mars showing canals and albedo markings.

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Source: McLoughlin E.V., Thompson H. 1943. The Book of Knowledge: The Children’s Encyclopedia. Volume 9. p. 3291-2

Note: This series was published from the 1910s to the 1964 in the USA. This page is from the 1943 edition.  This map appeared in several editions. Based on maps of P. Lowell.

“It is suggested that these waterways convey water from the great black patches, which may be huge shallow oceans or lakes, across the sandy red deserts of Mars; or that they bring down water when the sun’s heat in summer dissolves the snow”

 

(c) 1943 figures and text: The Grolier Society, New York.

 

faceonmars

In later editions more details were added. (via Pinterest)

 

 

Lohrman’s Map of the Moon

Cartographer: Wilhelm Lohrman

Title: Topographie der sichtbaren Mondoberflaeche (Topography of the Visible Lunar Surface) Dresden: Auf Kosten des Verfassers, 1824.

25 sheets, hachure relief visualization and multiple gray shadings for albedo

1824 4 sheets

Size  227 × 227 mm

1878 Full atlas published by Julius Schmidt, reissued in  1892  Mondkarte in 25 Sectionen und 2 Erlauterungstafeln / Herausgegeben von Dr. J.F.Julius Schmidt. — Leipzig: Verlag von Johann Ambrosius Barth (Arthur Meiner),1878/92.

Originals:

“Lohrmann was a professional cartographer and surveyor who undertook a lunar map based on his own micrometric measurements. Using a small Fraunhofer refractor, he determined the exact position of a number of control points on the moon, from which the positions of all other lunar features could be determined. He divided his map into 25 sections, and in 1824 he published the first four of these sections, along with an explanation of his methods. Although he worked for sixteen more years, and finished drawing all the sections, Lohrmann never did publish the remainder of the atlas. Fortunately, his great successor Julius Schmidt undertook to have the drawings engraved, and the complete Lohrmann atlas finally saw the light in 1878” (Source)

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Image source

Full atlas available here