Flammarion and Antoniadi’s Map of Mars (1900-1910)

antoniadi_1900
1900. Courtesy of Ton Lindemann. This map is largely based on the British Astronomical Association map 1896 but includes more polar latitudes.

Martian_Channels_by_Flamarion&Antoniadi

Same map as above from a Russian encyclopedia. Новый энциклопедический словарь.  Брокгауза и Ефрона / [под общ. ред. К. К. Арсеньева]. Petrograd. n.d. СПб, 191(?). (c. 1915) 

 

 

antoniadi_1900_c
Antoniadi’s map 1900  reprojected onto the shaded relief map of Mars. Courtesy of Ton Lindemann.

flam_ant1901flam-ant-1901b

Antoniadi & Flammarion, C: Nouvelles Observations de Mars Faites a l’Observatoire de Juvisy. Bulletin de la Societe Astronomique de France et Revue Mensuelle d’Astronomie, de Meteorologie et de Physique du Globe, vol. 15, pp.345-355  1901

One of the first polar views of Mars.

 

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“Face of Mars” map (1943)

Interpretive map of Mars showing canals and albedo markings.

faceofmars2.jpg

faceofmars3.jpg

Source: McLoughlin E.V., Thompson H. 1943. The Book of Knowledge: The Children’s Encyclopedia. Volume 9. p. 3291-2

Note: This series was published from the 1910s to the 1964 in the USA. This page is from the 1943 edition.  This map appeared in several editions. Based on maps of P. Lowell.

“It is suggested that these waterways convey water from the great black patches, which may be huge shallow oceans or lakes, across the sandy red deserts of Mars; or that they bring down water when the sun’s heat in summer dissolves the snow”

 

(c) 1943 figures and text: The Grolier Society, New York.

 

faceonmars

In later editions more details were added. (via Pinterest)

 

 

Lohrman’s Map of the Moon

Cartographer: Wilhelm Lohrman

Title: Topographie der sichtbaren Mondoberflaeche (Topography of the Visible Lunar Surface) Dresden: Auf Kosten des Verfassers, 1824.

25 sheets, hachure relief visualization and multiple gray shadings for albedo

1824 4 sheets

Size  227 × 227 mm

1878 Full atlas published by Julius Schmidt, reissued in  1892  Mondkarte in 25 Sectionen und 2 Erl uterungstafeln /Herausgegeben von Dr. J.F.Julius Schmidt. — Leipzig: Verlag von Johann Ambrosius Barth (Arthur Meiner),1892.

Originals:

 

“Lohrmann was a professional cartographer and surveyor who undertook a lunar map based on his own micrometric measurements. Using a small Fraunhofer refractor, he determined the exact position of a number of control points on the moon, from which the positions of all other lunar features could be determined. He divided his map into 25 sections, and in 1824 he published the first four of these sections, along with an explanation of his methods. Although he worked for sixteen more years, and finished drawing all the sections, Lohrmann never did publish the remainder of the atlas. Fortunately, his great successor Julius Schmidt undertook to have the drawings engraved, and the complete Lohrmann atlas finally saw the light in 1878” (Source)

mond6_600.jpg

Image source

 

 

The System of Lunar Craters (1963-1966)

Reference map showing IAU nomenclature, south-up, orthographic projection.

Arthur DWG, Agnieray AP, Horvath RA, Wood CA, Chapman CR 1963 The System of Lunar Craters, Quadrant I. Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 2 (30).

Published in Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory 30, 40,50,70, 1963-66

Quadrant I

Quadrant II

Quadrant IV

Also available in the Moon Wiki

 

SLC-A2.jpg

Legend (A2 sheet) (Source)

SLC-C3.jpg

 

Wilkins’ maps of the Moon

wilkins.jpg

Photo: LPOD Sep15 2008.

Cartographer: H Percy Wilkins, “the last traditional selenographer”

Editions: Early edition with hand lettering, later editions with sans serif and grid.

South-up orientation. Orthographic projection.

60 inch map: 1924

200 inch map: 1930

300 inch map of the Moon First edition, 1946.  Third edition, 1951, revisions in 1952, 1954.

25 map sheets, Scale 21.6 miles per inch.

Compiled from personal observations starting in 1909.

1938-505

200-inch edition

wilkings_big_merged_moon_map

300-inch edition including polar and far side views. This image is compiled by H. Hargitai from the Strolling Astronomer publication (100 inch reduction).

wilkins200

A single sheet from the 200-inch edition.

 

CMHASDWilkins&TheMoonMap.jpg

The 300-inch edition with north-up orientation. Neil Armstrong and Dr H P Wilkins  at the Royal Geographical Society, London. (source)

wilkins100.jpg

Reduced edition 1952 (?) (Source)

 

 

Planetary Map Quadrangle Layouts

Source: Batson RM: Map formats and projections used in planetary cartography.

qud-3sheet

Single-sheet planetary map layout

 

quad-4sheet2

Single-sheet planetary map layout

quad-4sheet

Four-sheet layout. Good for Moon-sized bodies at 1:5M scale.

quad-8sheet

8-sheet layout.

quad-30sheet

30-sheet layout (Mars, 1:5M)

quad-140sheet2

140-sheet layout. Mars, 1:2M.

 

quad-80sheet

80-sheet layout, Mercury, 1:2M

quad-64sheet

62-sheet, Venus, 1:5M

quad-15.jpg

15 sheet layout. Mercury, 1:5M

quad-144sheet

144 sheet layout, Moon, 1:1M

 

quad-irreg

Layout for mapping an irregular body